Trekking Mount Damavand 5610 м
(Tehran Visit )
Damavand is the highest point in the Middle East and the highest volcano in all of Asia located in the middle Alborz Range, in north of Iran, near the southern coast of the Caspian Sea, in Amol County, Mazandaran, 66 kilometers (41 miles) northeast of Tehran.
It is a potentially active volcano, since there are fumaroles near the summit crater emitting sulfur, which were known to be active on July 6, 2007. Mt Damavand has some Hot springs (thermal springs) (Abe Garm-e Larijan) with therapeutic qualities. These mineral hot springs are mainly located on the volcano's flanks and at the base, giving evidence of volcanic heat comparatively near the surface of the earth. While no historic eruptions have been recorded, hot springs at the base and on the flanks, and fumaroles and solfatara near the summit, indicate a hot or cooling magma body still present beneath the volcano, so that Damavand is a potentially active volcano. In this village there are lots of hot baths. Of about 1,000 liters of water per minute Cheshmeh Larijan SPA is flow. The temperature is between 65 to 70 degrees Celsius.
The unpleasant taste and odor of hydrogen sulfide and water color is clear. This is the source of magnesium and bicarbonate salts for skin disease, old wounds, rheumatism, respiratory tract diseases and neurological disorders is beneficial. Bath's famous monuments in the village is related to Shah Abbas Safavid period. The most important of these hot springs are located in Abe Garm-e Larijan in a village by the name Larijan in the district of Larijan in Lar Valley. Near these springs there are public and private baths with small pools for public use. The most prominent mineral water springs that exist in this area include hot water Bayjan AltaVista mineral springs, mineral water Astrabakv, Chshme pleural Chshme Mineral water and Estelle iron head.
There are at least 16 known routes to the summit which have different difficulties. Some of them are very dangerous and require rock climbing. The most popular route is the Southern Route which has step stamps and also a camp midway called Bargah-e Sevom Camp/Shelter at 4250 m (about 13,845 ft). The longest route is the Northeastern and it takes two whole days to reach the summit starting from downhill village of Nāndal and a night stay at Takht-e Fereydoun (elevation 4300 m - about 13,000 ft.) shelter.
Damavand climbing season starts from mid of June and it last to mid of September. The best Time for summer trekking is in July and August. In this period the footpaths are generally free of snow, the weather is usually moderate and approach by public transportation to the base camp is easy.
Although Damavand resorts are crowded in summer, but the beginners with little experience are strongly recommended to tackle the mountain during this climbing season only. Best starting day is Saturday. Remember Iranian weekend is Thursday and Friday.
The main challenge of ascend is acclimatization and the weather. Damavand Difficulty for summer trekking is comparable to Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania and Mount Everest Base Camp. But winter climbing is a quite different story and may be compared to a 7000 m peak or more.
This moderately graded trek involves carrying of a day pack only. Be prepared for potential variable weather conditions.