Journey to the world of geology

This exploration trip is the scientific and applied or study and practical expedition to the long ago disappeared seas and lagoons with petrified creatures of the paleo seas, to the   tectonic breaks impressing by the moving power during intrusion of lava into the earth’s crust or movement of the Pamir onto the Tian-Shan.

It is the trip to the mountain ridges stopping the lithosphere’s slabs, transforming thereof  and creating the base for almost all landscapes of Kyrgyzstan.

This expedition includes visiting to the thermo mineral sources heated by not completely cooled lava and coming onto the ground with portions of minerals. It is a plunge into the underground world of the natural caves with different stone formations and artificial tunnels with artifacts proving the mining of various mineral compounds.

As well this trip brings you to the world of antagonism where mountain formations and their destroyers like water, sun and wind lead eternal fight creating majestic, rear and at the same time rather widespread landscapes.  Some natural monuments are not exclusions.

You will get into the world of opposition and interaction between valleys and mountains resulting in the creation of various landscapes and geological formations.  It is also the travel to artifacts which help to restore a history of the geological apocalypses when the basement for geological sculptors created deserts, mountains, caves, valleys, canyons and other natural sculptures appeared.    

During the expedition fans of mineralogy can be satisfied with the searching of minerals in the derelict mountain plants and dumps of cave-mines, in the ancient mountain excavations, river valleys, geological rock outcrops and other sites. 

During the exploration trip students or young scientists can change the route basing on their interests to study geology of the Tien-Shan and the Pamir.

During geological studies travelers can collect rock samples and observe them under microscope, perform field analysis. Practical studies on the structural geology with mapping will be held on the natural structural geological formations.     

The indicated trip is based on the general, regional, structural, quaternary and more importantly applied geology learning.  Besides, the program may stipulate field seminars on the different geological issues and problems.

The trip program includes not only geological objects but also different landscapes, beautiful gorges, natural parks. During the travelling participants will learn about history of the geological discoveries, listen to the field lectures about geological development of the region, general, structural, quaternary and applied geology. Besides, they will hear about deposits of minerals, mineralogy and paleontology.  Lectures are held by the expert guides.    

Lectures and seminars are to be carried out in the large tents supported by the factual material, such as maps, schemes, descriptions and the projector for slide-shows and video films.     

Our expert guides of different geological specializations will support the expedition.   As a rule they are candidates of science or doctors.

The trip stipulates seminars on the separate geological topics in the definite areas.   

Main topics

  • Teaching participants to apply theoretical knowledge in practice. 
  • Possible exploration expeditions under which excursion programs are arranged for students, young specialists, geologists of the middle level and management and cover the following parts of geology:

General regional and applied exploration topics:

- Structural analysis in the applied geology (Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan);

- Tectonic evolution and structure of the earth’s crust of the Tien-Shan, Pamir and the bordering regions of the Central Asian folded belt (Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan);

-  Methodology of geological mapping of the composite deployed accretionary complexes  (Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan);

- Geodynamic mapping and Paleozoic metalgenius (Kyrgyzstan);

- Geodynamics and seismicity in the Kyrgyz sector of the Tien Shan;

- Geomorphology and quarternary geology of the Tien Shan.

Best time: March – October

Activity: Research trip

Duration: 21 day

Days Программа Размещение Питание
Day 1 Arrival in Bishkek. Transfer to the hotel. Briefing. Hotel -/-/D
Day 2 Transfer Bishkek Sosnovka – Tuya-Ashuu Pass – Chichkan Gorge. Description of structures. Lecture. Hotel B/L/D
Day 3 Transfer Toktogul Reservoir – Kara-Kul - Tash-Kumyr town-Mailuu-Suu town. Characteristic of regions. Excursions and lecture.  Tents B/L/D
Day 4 Mailuu-Suu and surroundings. Seminar. Tents B/L/D
Day 5 Transfer Mailuu-Suu - Dzhalal-Abad – Uzgen – Osh city. Excursions to the resort and Uzgen. Short lecture. Hotel B/L/D
Day 6 Osh and surroundings. City tour. Historical sites and objects.  Hotel B/L/D
Day 7 Osh – Tuya-Muyun Region.Visits to the Fersman Cave-mine and Large Barite Cave. Descriptions. Tents B/L/D
Day 8

Tuya-Muyun and surroundings. Visit to the famous Surprise Cave. Trainings.

Tents B/L/D
Day 9

Tuya-Muyun and surroundings. Observations and mapping. 

Tents B/L/D
Day 10 Transfer Tuya-Muyun – Abshir-Ata Waterfall - Kyzyl-Kiya. Visit to the training mine ground. Hostel B/L/D
Day 11

Transfer Kyzyl-Kiya – Kadamzhai - Haidarkan. Observations and seminar.

Hotel B/L/D
Day 12  Haidarkan and surroundings. Visit to the open-cast mine and search for minerals  Tents B/L/D
Day 13

Transfer Kadamzhai – Batken – Samarkandyk – Sary-Too Mountain massif. Observations.

Tents B/L/D
Day 14

Sary-Too Mountain massif.  Researches.

Tents B/L/D
Day 15 Transfer to Osh. Description of rock exposures and geological structural forms. Hotel B/L/D
Day 16

Transfer Osh– Dzhalal-Abad- Kazarman. Observations.

Guest house B/L/D
Day 17 Transfer Kazarman – Toguz-Bulak Pass – Lake Son-Kul.  Researches and lecture. Tents B/L/D
Day 18

Lake Son-Kul and surroundings.  Studies. Seminar-training.

Tents B/L/D
Day 19 Transfer Lake Son-Kul – Kochkor – Ak-Olong Desert – Tamga - Kadzhi-Sai. Researches. Guest house B/L/D
Day 20 Kadzhi-Sai and surroundings.Final seminar-training.  Discussion of the trip.  Beach recreation.  Guest house B/L/D
Day 21 Departure to Bishkek. Hotel B/L/D

It is provided:

-  4 wheel drive vehicle

-  equipment for the field camp

-  belaying gear

-  tents

-  factual material on geology in English and Russian

-  geological structures modeling material

Cook, interpreter (if necessary), expert guides are provided.

The permission from the respective official bodies to take away minerals and samples  is provided.

Cost includes:

1. Meeting and seeing off at the airport
2. Accommodation according to the program (double/twin)
3. Tents and dining tent 
4. Meals (B/L/D) according to  the program
5. Transport 
6. Guide
7. Cook
8. Entrance tickets according to the program

 Cost does not include:

1. International flights
2. Gear rental
3. Single supplement 
4. Visa and consulate services (if required) 
6. Personal expenses
7. Insurance
8. Any changes in the program

Best time: March-October

ActivityResearch trip

Duration: 21 day

 Day 1. Arrival in Bishkek.

 Arrival in Kyrgyzstan.Accommodation in a hotel. Briefing. Presentation of the trip program. Lecture on trip topic. Acquaintance with expert guides. Wishes. Preparation for the trip.

 Day 2. Bishkek – Sosnovka – Tuya-Ashuu Pass – Chichkan Gorge.

Stopson the way to observe geological structures and hear to their characterization. Geological and tectonic characteristic of the Chui Hollow. General geology, stratigraphy, metallogeny. Main characteristics of explosive and folded structures and processes of their formation. Caledonian folding.

Stopping in the Suusamyr Valley for lunch. Short field lecture about dynamic of terrigenous and slate rocks and their ore specialization. Characteristic of an axial part of the Kyrgyz Ridge.

The characteristic of the line of explosive violations by results of the last earthquakes in the Suusamyr Valley. Geological and tectonic characteristic of the Suusamyr Valley. The historical moments connected with geological aspects during construction of the Tuya-Ashuu Tunnel. Description of a quaternary structure of the valley. Characteristic of hydrogeological features of the valley.

Further a drive along the Chichkan Gorge to the shore of the Toktogul Reservoir.  Accommodation in the hotel on the bank of the reservoir. 

Day 3. Toktogul Reservoir – Kara-Kul - Tash-Kumyr.

Excursions in the morning. Characteristic of the geological structure of the region on the bank of the reservoir.   Characteristic of deep faults of the Kyrgyz, Suusamyr and Talass Ridges and their geological tectonic peculiarities.  Excursion to the area of the Talass-Fergana regional fault.

Historical moments connected with engineering, geological and hydro geological aspects during projecting and construction of the Toktogul Reservoir which dam is situated in the zone of the tectonic fault’s influence.

Meso-Cainozoic formations of the Toktogul Hollow, structural-morphological features. The Talass-Karatausky deep fault (tectonic and structural border of the Southern Tien-Shan with the Middle Tien-Shan). Geological and morphological, structural and lithologic and geotectonic characteristic.  

Characteristic of metamorphic complexes around Kara-Kul town. Excursion to the silicon deposit.  Geological characteristic of intrusive massifs. Excursion to the marble open-cast mine.  Characteristic of sedimentary rocks with intrusive rocks boundaries.  Lecture  about processes of transformation of sedimentary rocks (limestone) into metamorphic ones. Examples of local metamorphism around the marble open-cast mine. Characteristic of volcanic complexes and structures around Tash-Kumyr town along Kara-Kul - Tash-Kumyr road.

Stops and excursions at the sites of metamorphic complexes development.  Inclined and horizontal shifts of layers and blocks.  Folded structures, goffer, flexures, layers of rocks.  Tectonic and stratigraphic discrepancies.  Examples of tectonic discrepancies formed by palaeogene and quaternary sediments.  Anticlines, synclinals, monoclinals and other types of folds.     

Excursions around Tash-Kumyr town. Researches of palaeogene and neogene complexes of rocks.  Coal deposits. Practical studies on measurement of elements of a bedding of rocks and a geological structure analysis.

Arrival in Mailuu-Suu town.  Accommodation in the field camp.

 Day 4. Mailuu-Suu and surroundings.

In the morning until lunch time field seminar. Seminar on the results of conducted observations. After lunch geological excursions. Excursion to the Dinosaurs’ Plateau.

Field lectures about history of the geological development of the region, on history of mining of uranium in Kyrgyzstan, on the condition of wastage of mining tailings dumps and their characteristic. Additionally the historian and archaeology expert will conduct a lecture on historical events took place in the region. The participants can take part in excavations.

Search for the petrified wood and other minerals in the basin of the Mailuu-Suu River. Overnight in the camp.

Day 5. Mailuu-Suu - Dzhalal-Abad – Uzgen – Osh.

Trip to Dzhalal-Abad town to the oldest resort of thermo mineral wells in Kyrgyzstan. Excursion at the resort.  Short lecture on the origin of wells.

Further trip to Uzgen town. Visit to the archaeological complex of the IX-XI centuries which was built during Karakhanids era. On  the way observation of the various exogenous and geological processes. Lecture on the often happening exogenous and geological processes and occurrences in Southern Kyrgyzstan, such as  landslides, mudflows, erosion of coast, flooding by ground waters and other on the bank of the Kara-Dariya River.

Transfer to Osh. Accommodation in the hotel.

Day 6. Osh and surroundings.

City tour. Historical sites and objects. Visit to the mineralogy museum of the Southern Kyrgyz geological expedition. Meeting with geologists and short lecture about geology of the Southern Kyrgyzstan.  Training on mineralogy, lithology and petrography.  Overnight in the hotel.

Day 7. OshTuya-Muyun.

After breakfast we start to the famous karst region – the Osh Hills. Those are the paleo karst   outliers formed by Devonian limestone. The outliers have caves and numerous grottos.  On the way we observe gypsum-selenit deposits.

Our way lies via fertile oasises of the Aravan Valley to the well-known karst region called Tuya-Muyun.  There are hydro thermo mineral karst caves of high length.     

 Arrival in the Tuya-Muyun Region. Tent camp setting up.

Excursion to the same name plateau to the Fersman Cave-mine.  History of the development and mine of the deposit of precious minerals for the first atomic bomb in the USSR.  The cave is extreme for the fans of the sports caving.  Depth - 240 m. The origin of the cave is hydrothermokarst.  Hot solutes formed a number of different minerals here. Ore containing various mineral compounds was processed at the Isolit plant in Mailuu-Suu where to our previous visit was not accidental.

After lunch we continue to the Large Barite Cave found by Academic Fersman.  The cave is famous for the rare barite deposit discovered by Fersman.  The cave is easily accessible due to the entrance tunnel in the limestone massif but fans of extreme will be offered to make a vertical descent into the cave through the natural 20 meters deep input well as Fersman did.

Dinner in the evening after working day.  Evening bonfire.    

There is a small waterfall of clean drinking water coming from the karst massif nearby where you can take a cool shower and wash clothes. Overnight in the camp.

Day 8. Tuya-Muyun and surroundings.

After lunch visit to the famous Surprise Cave.  The way to the cave lies along the exotic Dangi Canyon translating as «narrow».  The origin of the cave is hydrothermomineral.

Vertical sides of the canyon up to 150 m, hovering eagles in the sky strip, numerous caves, rock paintings make the canyon excursion fascinating. The cave is interesting for its formations, for example, calcite corallites or pentagonal crystals.

Visit to the exploring galleries passed for the purpose of engineering-geological researches for the construction of a mudflow dam and storage. Practical trainings in galleries on a structural analysis of the massif. Studying of hydrothermomineral displays.

Day 9. Tuya-Muyun and surroundings.

Geological route for the purpose of stratigraphic and structural analyses, making of geological map and a section of the carrying out researches area. Selection and analysis of tests of rocks. Creation of a litologo-stratigraphic column.

Return to the camp. Cameral processing of route observations results. Dinner. Evening bonfire. Overnight.            

Day 10. Tuya-Muyun – Abshir-Ata Waterfall - Kyzyl-Kiya.

In the morning seminar-trainingon topics:

- Geology, stratigraphy, lithology of the Uzgen Coal Basin;

-Karst regions of Kyrgyzstan.  Regional spreading and history of the geological development;

- Paleoclimatic and paleoseismic researches in caves;

- Folding and break structures and their morphology on example of the regional South-Fergana break.

Packing the camp. Departure to the Abshir-Ata Gorge to the same name waterfall vaucluse. Then a trip to Kyzyl-Kiya town – the avant-guard of the Kyrgyz coal industry. Visit to the training mine ground. Excursion to Institute of mining and mining technologies. Accommodation in the Institute’s hostel.

Day 11. Kyzyl-Kiya – Kadamzhai - Haidarkan.

Transfer to Haidarkan.Stops on the wayand description of geological formations. Excursion to the Tegermachskiy Thrust.  Description of the geological situation and collection of samples to identify fauna.  

After lunch seminar-training at the conference hall of the mercury-antimony plant on topics:

- Coal, antimonial, mercury deposits of the Southern Tien-Shan (Kyzyl-Kiya, Chauvay, Haidarkan);

- Coal terekkons (Kyzyl-Kiya).

Unique hydrogeological features of the Abshir, Hodzhagair, Dzhidalik, Azimbulak, etc. waterfalls. Geodynamic objects of the well-known Tegermachsky Thrust. Canyons of carbonaceous massifs (Abshir, Hodzhagair, Shakhimardan). Structural-petrographic  features of volcanic formations of the Mesozoic.

Overnight in the hotel in Haidarkan.

Day 12.  Haidarkan and surroundings.

In Haidarkan visit to the open-cast mine and search for minerals of hydrothermomineral compounds. Excursion to the plant. Descent to the active fluorite mine. Geological underground observations.  Geological descriptions on the ground.

Overnight in the tent camp in the recreation zone near thermomineral wells of Kadamzhai.  

Day 13. Kadamzhai – Batken – Samarkandyk – Sary-Too Mountain massif.

During drive along the South-Fergana hydrothermomineral belt– observations and descriptions of geology and orography of the region.

Arrival in the area of the Kan-i-Gut Cave. Camp setting up.

Day 14. Sary-Too Mountain massif.  

Research of Jurassic and Cretaceous complexes of rocks. Description of structures, lithology and stratigraphy. Paleontological practical work. Selection and description of petrified representatives of fauna. Karst and geological researches of the cave-mine which natural cavities’ origin is hydrothermomineral.  Different metals like silver and lead were mined in that cave in deferent epochs. Excursion to the remains of the ancient melting furnaces.  Overnight in the tent camp.

Day 15. Return to Osh.

Transfer to Osh.  On the way description of rock exposures and geological structural forms.  Overnight in the hotel.  

Day 16. OshDzhalal-Abad- Kazarman.

The road from Dzhalal—Abad will run over a pass of the Fergana Ridge to Aral settlement and further to Kazarman. Along the Kugart River description of centenarian sediments and their genetic attribute. On the pass and on the way geological description of rock exposures. Near Kazarman research of centenarian sediments in terraces of the Naryn River.

Overnight in the guest house in Kazarman

Day17. Kazarman – Toguz-Bulak Pass – Lake Son-Kul.

Stops and researches of geological structures and lithology-stratigraphic complex of meso-Cainozoic sediments on the way.  Description of the river terraces.  

Camp setting up on the shore of Lake Son-Kul. Geomorphological and centenarian sediments researches and their origin.   Lecture about history of the lake’s formation and geological structure of the region in the evening. Summing up observations.

Day 18. Lake Son-Kul and surroundings.

Lake Son-Kul is one of the most picturesque of the Tien-Shan lakes.  It welcomes with fresh mountain air and alpine landscapes. Excursion to the local shepherds.  Meting their life.

Astride horses studying of geological processes in a frozen zone of the lithosphere. Studying and description of fluvio-glacier formations. Description of the landscape formed by glacial activity. Determination of geological formations age. Field seminar-training on results of the previous trips. Practical trainings. Making of quaternary sediments maps and description of their bedding conditions.

Overnight in the field camp.

Day 19. Lake Son-Kul – Kochkor – Ak-Olong Desert – Tamga - Kadzhi-Sai.

On the way description of a structural formation of the Paleozoic and meso-Cainozoic complex of rocks, their interaction, stratigraphic discrepancies, disjunctive disturbances. Collecting and study of paleontological samples.

Our route will pass the picturesque Ak-Olong Desert. Research of outliers put together by  magmatic and metamorphic complex of rocks. Samples selection, description of exposure. Lecture about kaledonids of the Tien-Shan. Then the route goes along the southern coast of Lake Issyk Kul to Tamga settlement and further to Kadzhi-Sai. On the road the description of lake sediments of the meso-Cainozoic period.

Accommodation in the guest house.

Day 20. Kadzhi-Sai and surroundings.

Final seminar-training.  Discussion of the trip.  Beach recreation at Lake Issyk-Kul.  Farewell bonfire in the evening.         

Day 21. Kadzhi-Sai - Bishkek.

The way will run via the Boom Gorge along Chu River.  Arrival in Bishkek.  Accommodation in the hotel.